An Antenna is a transducer that is designed to transmit or receive electromagnetic waves. They come in different types, sizes and design techniques, based on the purpose for which they were designed. A diverse variety of antennas have been used for radio astronomy. The principal reason for this diversity being the wide range of wavelengths .Telecommunication is now seen to be playing major roles in the lives of people and the use of compatible Antennas has been of great concern to the engineers on field.
Wi-Fi is a popular technology that allows an electronic device to exchange data wirelessly (using radio waves) over a computer network, including high-speed Internet connections.. Wi-Fi is simply a trademarked term meaning IEEE 802.11x.The Wi-Fi Alliance, the organization that owns the Wi-Fi (registered trademark) term specifically defines Wi-Fi as any “wireless local area network (WLAN) products that are based on the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers’ (IEEE) 802.11 standards
Our directional antenna was primarily designed to practically detect and extend the signal range of the 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi (IEEE802.11g) for Wireless local area network (WLAN).The target being the HOTSPOT Access point on Ghana Technology University College (GTUC) campus which has limited range of 30m and also stationary, meaning it position cannot be changed to suit the demands of individuals. Access point (AP) is the wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) transceiver or base station that can connect one or many wireless devices simultaneously to the internet, and Wi-Fi a generic term that refers to the IEEE 802.11 communications standard for Wireless Local Access Networks (WLANs). More importantly, the simplicity of this design did not necessarily require special skills or sophisticated tools.